Pongal Festival: Pongal is one of the most popular festivals in India and widely celebrated by Tamil communities across the world. The festival of Pongal is celebrated in the month of Tai according to the Tamil solar calendar. It is a four-day event dedicated to the Sun God. According to the Gregorian calendar, the festival of Pongal is celebrated today i.e. (14 January 2023). It is a three day festival. So it is celebrated from 14 Jan to 17 Jan 2023
Pongal is a festival celebrated with great enthusiasm in South India. ‘Tamil Tirunal’ i.e. auspicious day of Tamil speakers, this festival is celebrated wherever there are Tamil speaking people in the world, e.g. In India it is mainly celebrated in the state of Tamil Nadu and is widely celebrated outside India in Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore, European countries, North America, South Africa, Mauritius etc.
Importance of Pongal festival
In Tamil culture, Surya is considered the originator of the world. Every year when this Sun transits in Capricorn, the festival of Pongal is celebrated for three consecutive days. This event of Capricorn transit usually falls between 14 to 16 January every year. On this day all the farmers and working class people offer Arghya to the Sun on the occasion of Pongal festival. Gratitude is expressed for all kinds of animals useful in agriculture. Surya Puja is performed to welcome the new year. Shiva Puja and Rudrabhishek are also performed during this time. Bhogi Pongal is a day of Indra worship and sweet food with Apta people. The next day, kheer is made in the courtyard of the house and offered to the sun. Gopujan is done on the third day.
order of worship
In the month of Margashirsha, rituals are performed to ward off evil and prevent diseases. Women always make rangoli in their courtyard and decorate cow dung balls and offer marigold flowers on it. The festival of Pongal is celebrated for four days. This festival is celebrated to thank nature. The harvest festival Pongal falls on 14 or 15 January and the ‘Tamil Festival’ is the quintessential Tamil festival. Pongal is a harvest festival. A traditional occasion to give thanks to nature through which we celebrate the cycle of life that feeds us.
Traditions of Pongal Festival
A few days before the arrival of Pongal, especially the women of the house clean the whole house with flowers and twigs. They use swastikas and kunkus to decorate the large earthen pots. The youngest and eldest member of the family has to fill water and rice. According to tradition this water is some of the most important milk. In which rice is cooked. Which is offered to the Sun.
Important days in January 2023: Beginning of New Year, Sankranti, Republic Day of India; Here is the list of important days