Symptoms of Hypothyroidism in Young Adults Hypothyroidism Symptoms, Causes, Treatment and Medication

Hypothyroidism: The prevalence of hypothyroidism appears to be slightly higher in young adults, particularly adolescents and young adults, than in other age groups. This may be due to hormonal changes during puberty, increased stress levels and general lifestyle factors in this age group. However, hypothyroidism can affect individuals of any age, including children and older adults. And many factors are responsible for this. Let us know in detail in the article.

1. Environmental pollutants:
Exposure to certain environmental pollutants, such as endocrine-disrupting chemicals, can disrupt thyroid function and aggravate hypothyroidism.

2. Genetic predisposition:

Some individuals may have a genetic susceptibility to developing hypothyroidism, meaning they are more likely to develop the condition if other contributing factors are present.

3. Dietary Changes:

Poor dietary habits, including inadequate intake of essential nutrients such as iodine and selenium, can disrupt thyroid function and increase the risk of hypothyroidism.

4. Lifestyle Factors:

A sedentary lifestyle, high stress levels and irregular sleep patterns can all affect thyroid function and contribute to the development of hypothyroidism.

5. Increased Awareness and Diagnosis:

Improved diagnostic methods and increased awareness of hypothyroidism may also contribute to increased cases in young people, as more individuals are being diagnosed and treated for the condition.

Hypothyroidism can affect a young person's overall health and development in several ways:

1. Energy Level:

Hypothyroidism can cause fatigue and weakness, making it difficult for young people to participate in daily activities or perform well at school or work.

2 Mood changes:

Changes in thyroid hormone levels can affect mood, causing symptoms such as depression, irritability, or anxiety.

3. Weight Gain:

Hypothyroidism can slow metabolism, which can lead to weight gain or make it difficult to lose weight even with a healthy diet and regular exercise.

4. Cognitive Function:

Thyroid hormones play an important role in brain function, so hypothyroidism can impair cognitive function such as memory, concentration, and affect the brain.

5. Menstrual irregularities:

In young women, hypothyroidism can cause menstrual irregularities, such as irregular periods, which can have long-term effects on fertility and reproductive health.

Author: Dr. Anu Gaikwad, Diabetologist, Head of Department of Geriatric Medicine, DPU Super Specialty Hospital, Pimpri, Pune

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